Welcome everyone

如何控制多线程执行顺序

java 汪明鑫 358浏览 0评论

问题引出

//如何控制线程的执行顺序
public class Main {
    static Thread thread1=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread1...");
        }
    });

    static Thread thread2=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread2...");
        }
    });

    static Thread thread3=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread3...");
        }
    });



    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
        thread1.start();
        thread2.start();
        thread3.start();
    }
}

顺序是随机的

那么问题来了,怎么控制线程执行的顺序呢

比如说我想让thread1先执行,thread2在执行…

 

解决方法1:

join方法 ——-> 保证多线程的顺序性
public class Main {
    static Thread thread1=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread1...");
        }
    });

    static Thread thread2=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread2...");
        }
    });

    static Thread thread3=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread3...");
        }
    });



    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
        thread1.start();
        thread1.join();

        thread2.start();
        thread2.join();

        thread3.start();

    }
}

join的作用:让主线程的等待子线程执行完后再执行
主线程会放弃主线程的执行权

看一哈join的源码:
 /**
     * Waits for this thread to die.
     *
     * <p> An invocation of this method behaves in exactly the same
     * way as the invocation
     *
     * <blockquote>
     * {@linkplain #join(long) join}{@code (0)}
     * </blockquote>
     *
     * @throws  InterruptedException
     *          if any thread has interrupted the current thread. The
     *          <i>interrupted status</i> of the current thread is
     *          cleared when this exception is thrown.
     */
    public final void join() throws InterruptedException {
        join(0);
    }

调用join(0)

public final synchronized void join(long millis)
    throws InterruptedException {
        long base = System.currentTimeMillis();
        long now = 0;

        if (millis < 0) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("timeout value is negative");
        }

        if (millis == 0) {
            while (isAlive()) {
                wait(0);
            }
        } else {
            while (isAlive()) {
                long delay = millis - now;
                if (delay <= 0) {
                    break;
                }
                wait(delay);
                now = System.currentTimeMillis() - base;
            }
        }
    }

调用wait(0)

 public final native void wait(long timeout) throws InterruptedException;

最终是调用object的wait方法

 

在这里thread1.join()调用后,main Thread会阻塞起来。

 

那么main Thread被阻塞后是在哪收到notify而继续运行的呢?
这个过程涉及到了JVM底层了。thread1线程执行完毕了exit过程会有一个notifyall操作
在网上找的:
1.java.lang.Thread.join方法通过循环阻塞主线程的方式保证当前线程优先执
2.当前线程执行完之后会立马唤醒主线程继续执行 注意lock.notify_all(thread)

解决方法2:

用线程池的方法

public class Main2 {
    static Thread thread1=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread1...");
        }
    });

    static Thread thread2=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread2...");
        }
    });

    static Thread thread3=new Thread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            System.out.println("thread3...");
        }
    });

    static ExecutorService executorService = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor();   //FIFO  先进先出

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
        executorService.submit(thread1);
        executorService.submit(thread2);
        executorService.submit(thread3);
        executorService.shutdown();
    }
}

 

转载请注明:汪明鑫的个人博客 » 如何控制多线程执行顺序

喜欢 (0)

说点什么

您将是第一位评论人!

提醒
avatar
wpDiscuz