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Spring Boot 整合篇

java 汪明鑫 398浏览 1评论

本篇主要时spring boot整合 Spring Data Jpa、Redis、Junit、activemq

 

Spring Boot整合Spring Data Jpa

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>mysql</groupId>
<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
</dependency>

 

application.properties

spring.datasource.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://ip:3306/mydb?
useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=

spring.jpa.database=MySQL
spring.jpa.show-sql=true
spring.jpa.generate-ddl=true
spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=update
spring.jpa.hibernate.naming_strategy=org.hibernate.cfg.ImprovedNamingStrategy

 

实体类

package pers.wmx.demo;

import lombok.Getter;
import lombok.Setter;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

/**
 * @author: wang ming xin
 * @create: 2019-04-02 16:42
 */
@Getter
@Setter
@Entity
public class City {
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    Long id;

    Long provinceId;
    String cityName;
    String description;
}

 

public interface UserRepository extends JpaRepository<User,Long>{
    public List<User> findAll();
}

 

controller

package pers.wmx.demo;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author: wang ming xin
 * @create: 2019-04-02 16:45
 */
@RestController
public class CityController {

    @Autowired
    CityRepository cityRepository;

    @RequestMapping("/findall")
    public List<City> findAll(){
        List<City> cities = cityRepository.findAll();
        return cities;
    }
}

 

@RestController 是什么鬼?

@Target({ElementType.TYPE})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
@Controller
@ResponseBody
public @interface RestController {
    @AliasFor(
        annotation = Controller.class
    )
    String value() default "";
}

@RestController =  @Controller + @ResponseBody

 

返回json格式数据

 

Spring Boot整合Junit

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

 

创建单元测试类

 

package pers.wmx.demo;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author: wang ming xin
 * @create: 2019-04-02 17:15
 */
@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class CityTests {
    @Autowired
    private CityRepository cityRepository;

    @Test
    public void test() {
        List<City> cities = cityRepository.findAll();
        System.out.println(cities);
    }
}

 

SpringRunner继承自SpringJUnit4ClassRunner

 

Spring Boot整合Redis

 

<dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>

 

 

application.properties加上redis配置

#Redis
spring.redis.host=ip
spring.redis.port=6379

 

测试类:

package pers.wmx.demo;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author: wang ming xin
 * @create: 2019-04-02 17:45
 */
@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class RedisTests {
    @Autowired
    CityRepository cityRepository;

    @Autowired
    private RedisTemplate<String, String> redisTemplate;

    @Test
    public void testRedis() throws JsonProcessingException {

        String citis = redisTemplate.boundValueOps("citis").get();

        if(null == citis){
            List<City> cityList = cityRepository.findAll();

            //转换成json
            ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
            citis = objectMapper.writeValueAsString(cityList);

            //将数据塞入redis
            redisTemplate.boundValueOps("citis").set(citis);

            System.out.println("从数据库获取数据,数据已放入缓存");
        }else{
            System.out.println("从缓存中拿到数据");
        }
        
        System.out.println(citis);
        
    }

}

 

控制台输出:

 

第一次启动

 

第二次启动

 

第一次启动测试类时,缓存中还没数据,去数据库中查找,然后塞入缓存

第二次时直接从缓存中拿数据

 

 

Spring Boot整合activemq

<!-- activemq -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-activemq</artifactId>
        </dependency>

 

使用内嵌activemq

package pers.wmx.demo.activemq;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.jms.core.JmsMessagingTemplate;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

/**
 * @author: wang ming xin
 * @create: 2019-04-03 17:58
 */


//Spring Boot内置了ActiveMQ的服务,所以我们不用单独启动ActiveMQ也可以执行程序。

@RestController
public class QueueController {

    @Autowired
    private JmsMessagingTemplate jmsMessagingTemplate;

    @RequestMapping("/send")
    public void send(String test){
        jmsMessagingTemplate.convertAndSend("xinye",test);
    }
}

 

package pers.wmx.demo.activemq;

import org.springframework.jms.annotation.JmsListener;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * @author: wang ming xin
 * @create: 2019-04-03 18:00
 */
@Component
public class Consumer {

    @JmsListener(destination = "xinye")
    public void readMessage(String test){
        System.out.println("test = " + test);
    }

}

 

在浏览器访问  http://localhost:8081/send?text=wmx

控制台输出消息提示

 

使用外部activemq

 

我是直接在docker上跑了一个activemq

[root@xinyeshuaiqi ~]# docker pull webcenter/activemq

[root@xinyeshuaiqi ~]# docker images

[root@xinyeshuaiqi ~]# docker run --name myactivemq -p 61616:61616 -p 8161:8161 -e ACTIVEMQ_ADMIN_LOGIN=admin -e ACTIVEMQ_ADMIN_PASSWORD=admin  -d webcenter/activemq:latest

[root@xinyeshuaiqi ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                       COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                                                                                   NAMES
be3d867166a8        webcenter/activemq:latest   "/app/run.sh"            4 seconds ago       Up 3 seconds        1883/tcp, 5672/tcp, 0.0.0.0:8161->8161/tcp, 61613-61614/tcp, 0.0.0.0:61616->61616/tcp   myactivemq
db465c35f31a        redis                       "docker-entrypoint.s…"   2 days ago          Up 2 days           6379/tcp                                                                                test-redis

 

完事!

 

java代码不变,重新启动程序,控制台成功打印提示信息

 

修改配置:

spring.activemq.broker-url=tcp://ip:61616

#true 表示使用内置的MQ,false则连接服务器
spring.activemq.in-memory=false

 

 

然后把代码

jmsMessagingTemplate.convertAndSend("xinye",test);

@JmsListener(destination = "xinye")

中的xinye改为shuaiqi,再次重启程序

 

访问activemq管理页面,验证结果

activemq服务主机的ip: 8161

8161是后台的端口

 

 

至于activemq其他的api和细节之后再学习,今天先把 activemq起起来,再和spring boot整合初步感受一下

 

 

转载请注明:汪明鑫的个人博客 » Spring Boot 整合篇

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