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ConcurrentHashMap 1.7和1.8的区别

java 汪明鑫 80浏览 0评论

首先 ConcurrentHashMap 是可以解决并发安全问题的容器

HashMap在并法操作下会出现各种各样的问题

HashTable也解决了兵法问题,但一锁就是整张表

 

代码也比较清楚

通过key得到hash,定位table中的位置

再去遍历当前Entry下的链表,存在相同的key就覆盖就值,不存在就通过头插法添加一个节点

 

再看看ConcurrentHashMap通过什么方法解决并发安全问题的

JDK 1.7是采用了分段锁,相较于HashTable降低了锁的粒度,提升了并发度

 

 

 

再看下JDK 1.8的做法,核心思路是 CAS + 锁头节点

这样的话就只锁一个链表或者红黑树

 

put核心代码:

final V putVal(K key, V value, boolean onlyIfAbsent) {
        // key、value 不允许为空
        if (key == null || value == null) throw new NullPointerException();
        int hash = spread(key.hashCode());
        int binCount = 0;
        for (Node<K,V>[] tab = table;;) {
            Node<K,V> f; int n, i, fh;

            // 初始化table
            if (tab == null || (n = tab.length) == 0)
                tab = initTable();
            else if ((f = tabAt(tab, i = (n - 1) & hash)) == null) {
                if (casTabAt(tab, i, null,
                             new Node<K,V>(hash, key, value, null)))
                    break;                   // no lock when adding to empty bin.  CAS 初始化头节点
            }
            else if ((fh = f.hash) == MOVED)
                tab = helpTransfer(tab, f);
            else {
                V oldVal = null;
                synchronized (f) {  // 锁头节点
                    if (tabAt(tab, i) == f) {  //double check下
                        if (fh >= 0) {
                            binCount = 1;
                            for (Node<K,V> e = f;; ++binCount) {
                                K ek;
                                if (e.hash == hash &&
                                    ((ek = e.key) == key ||
                                     (ek != null && key.equals(ek)))) {
                                    oldVal = e.val;
                                    if (!onlyIfAbsent)
                                        e.val = value;
                                    break;
                                }
                                Node<K,V> pred = e;
                                if ((e = e.next) == null) {
                                    pred.next = new Node<K,V>(hash, key,
                                                              value, null);  // 尾插法
                                    break;
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        else if (f instanceof TreeBin) {
                            Node<K,V> p;
                            binCount = 2;
                            if ((p = ((TreeBin<K,V>)f).putTreeVal(hash, key,
                                                           value)) != null) {
                                oldVal = p.val;
                                if (!onlyIfAbsent)
                                    p.val = value;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                if (binCount != 0) {
                    if (binCount >= TREEIFY_THRESHOLD)
                        treeifyBin(tab, i);
                    if (oldVal != null)
                        return oldVal;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        addCount(1L, binCount);
        return null;
    }

 

看一些核心成员变量

 

控制table初始化和扩容状态的

/**
     * Table initialization and resizing control.  When negative, the
     * table is being initialized or resized: -1 for initialization,
     * else -(1 + the number of active resizing threads).  Otherwise,
     * when table is null, holds the initial table size to use upon
     * creation, or 0 for default. After initialization, holds the
     * next element count value upon which to resize the table.
     */
    private transient volatile int sizeCtl;

 

定义的特殊hash值

static final int MOVED     = -1; // hash for forwarding nodes
static final int TREEBIN   = -2; // hash for roots of trees
static final int RESERVED  = -3; // hash for transient reservations
static final int HASH_BITS = 0x7fffffff; // usable bits of normal node hash

 

 

 

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